Gingival Recession:Cause,Classification & Treatment
Gingival recession is clinical displacement of gingival margin along the teeth root surface.It is clinical finding which disturbs the patient due hypersensitivity and root caries.
For the evalution,CMJ is used as a stable reference point.While in cases where the identification of cementoenamel junction is difficult due to erosion,cervical abrasion,fillings and prosthetic restoration or some other stable point such as the margins of a restoration are used.
A study carry out, conclusion are as follows:-
â€¢ 45.9% of patients had gingival recession.
â€¢ The prevalence of recession is more in male and age old around 30 yrs.
â€¢ More at the buccal than at inter-proximal surface of teeth.
â€¢ Mainly detected in lingual surface of lower right lateral(37.4%),lower left lateral (37%),buccal surface of lower left central (20.7%),lower right central (20.3%)
A single factor cannot explain the etiology of recession and its occurrence.It is the end result of many and cumulative effect of more factor.Common are as follows
1. Anatomical factor
2. Physiological factor
3. Pathological factor
7. Aberrant frenal attachment
8. Width of keratinized & attached gingival
9. Gingival thickness
Given by Miller.He described recession in terms of its breadth and depth in relation to gingival margin and loss of papillae i.e the interdental tissue.
Treatment methods vary according to the type and severity of recession. Mainly treatment include scaling,root planning to stop periodontal disease and prevent further gingival loss.And in modern world gingival technique have been used for treatment of gingival recession.
Jodhpur Dental College
Jodhpur National University,Jodhpur